According to the current epidemiological data and modern habits in the western world (frequent change of sexual partners in young ages), it is estimated that nearly all sexually active men are infected by certain genital types of HPV over their lifetime. In most cases, temporary local lesions are created, which go unnoticed and subside on their own within a few months. In some cases, however, there are visible genital warts. In very few cases, precancerous lesions may appear much later.
Genital types of HPV are transmitted through sexual intercourse. A man may reduce the risk of infection by consistently using condoms throughout the entire duration of intercourse.
After the infection, genital types of HPV may cause lesions, if the immune system allows it.
Most of these lesions are invisible and cause no symptoms. They are, therefore, called subclinical. In some cases, visible lesions appear, referred to as genital warts.
A long time after the infection and the first lesions by oncogenic types of HPV, there is a small chance of precancerous lesions appearing.
Infections are common but cancer is rare. There is a correlation with the type of the virus. Precancerous lesions and cancers are only caused by oncogenic types of HPV.
We describe below, in order of frequency, the lesions caused by genital types of HPV in men:
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